botany

The study of plants is called botany. Each climate has its own particular botany, so if you study desert growth, you might focus on such plants as cactus and sage, while if you're in the jungle you'd study the lush growth there.

Someone once said, "Botany is the science in which plants are known by their aliases." Indeed, the study of botany includes learning the scientific names of plants. The origin of the word botany came from the Greek word botane, which means "grass" or "pasture." Since the original meaning focused on the idea of a pasture, it's possible the study of botany came about from herdsmen needing to know what plants were safe for their herds to eat.

DEFINITIONS OF: botany

1

n the branch of biology that studies plants

Synonyms:
phytology
Types:
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mycology
the branch of botany that studies fungi and fungus-caused diseases
pomology
the branch of botany that studies and cultivates fruits
palaeobotany, paleobotany
the study of fossil plants
algology, phycology
the branch of botany that studies algae
pteridology
the branch of botany that studies ferns
palaeodendrology, paleodendrology
the branch of paleobotany that studies fossil trees
Type of:
biological science, biology
the science that studies living organisms

n all the plant life in a particular region or period

“the botany of China”
Synonyms:
flora, vegetation
Antonyms:
fauna, zoology
all the animal life in a particular region or period
Types:
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vegetation (such as young shoots, twigs, and leaves) that is suitable for animals to eat
brush, brushwood, coppice, copse, thicket
a dense growth of bushes
growth
vegetation that has grown
bush, chaparral, scrub
dense vegetation consisting of stunted trees or bushes
stand
a growth of similar plants (usually trees) in a particular area
forest, wood, woods
the trees and other plants in a large densely wooded area
shrubbery
a collection of shrubs growing together
garden
the flowers or vegetables or fruits or herbs that are cultivated in a garden
brier, brier patch, brierpatch
tangled mass of prickly plants
ground cover, groundcover
low-growing plants planted in deep shade or on a steep slope where turf is difficult to grow
brake
an area thickly overgrown usually with one kind of plant
canebrake
a dense growth of cane (especially giant cane)
spinney
a copse that shelters game
bosk
a small wooded area
grove
a small growth of trees without underbrush
jungle
an impenetrable equatorial forest
rain forest, rainforest
a forest with heavy annual rainfall
underbrush, undergrowth, underwood
the brush (small trees and bushes and ferns etc.) growing beneath taller trees in a wood or forest
Hernaria glabra, rupturewort
common prostrate Old World herb often used as a ground cover; formerly reputed to cure ruptures
whitlowwort
any of various low-growing tufted plants of the genus Paronychia having tiny greenish flowers and usually whorled leaves; widespread throughout warm regions of both Old and New Worlds; formerly thought to cure whitlows (suppurative infections around a fingernail)
pearl-weed, pearlweed, pearlwort
any of various low-growing plants of the genus Sagina having small spherical flowers resembling pearls
Helxine soleirolia, Soleirolia soleirolii, baby tears, baby's tears
prostrate or creeping Corsican herb with moss-like small round short-stemmed leaves
old growth, virgin forest
forest or woodland having a mature or overly mature ecosystem more or less uninfluenced by human activity
second growth
a second growth of trees covering an area where the original stand was destroyed by fire or cutting
Type of:
accumulation, aggregation, assemblage, collection
several things grouped together or considered as a whole
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