body

Your body is everything that makes up your physical self, including your skin, bones, muscles, and organs. Your whole body might hurt after a day spent learning to snowboard.

All animals have a body, and you can also describe some inanimate objects as having a body. For example, a car's body is its main section, mostly made of metal and plastic. A written work's body is the major part of a text, generally not including things like introductions or epilogues. In science, a body is simply any separate object that has mass. The Old English root, bodig, means "man or animal's trunk or chest."

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: body

1
nv
an individual 3-dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects
invest with or as with a body; give body to
2
n
a collection of particulars considered as a system
3
n
the property of holding together and retaining its shape
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: body
1

n an individual 3-dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects

“heavenly body
Types:
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chromosome
a threadlike strand of DNA in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order
cellular inclusion, inclusion, inclusion body
any small intracellular body found within another (characteristic of certain diseases)
mass
a body of matter without definite shape
particle, subatomic particle
a body having finite mass and internal structure but negligible dimensions
virion
(virology) a complete viral particle; nucleic acid and capsid (and a lipid envelope in some viruses)
sex chromosome
(genetics) a chromosome that determines the sex of an individual
autosome, somatic chromosome
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome; appear in pairs in body cells but as single chromosomes in spermatozoa
acentric chromosome
a chromosome lacking a centromere
acrocentric chromosome
a chromosome with the centromere near one end so that one chromosomal arm is short and one is long
metacentric chromosome
a chromosome having two equal arms because the centromere is in median position
telocentric chromosome
a chromosome like a straight rod with the centromere in terminal position
alpha particle
a positively charged particle that is the nucleus of the helium atom; emitted from natural or radioactive isotopes
beta particle
a high-speed electron or positron emitted in the decay of a radioactive isotope
boson
any particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics but not the Pauli exclusion principle; all nuclei with an even mass number are bosons
coprolith, faecalith, fecalith, stercolith
a hard mass of fecal matter
deuteron
the nucleus of deuterium; consists of one proton and one neutron; used as a bombarding particle in accelerators
drift
a large mass of material that is heaped up by the wind or by water currents
elementary particle, fundamental particle
(physics) a particle that is less complex than an atom; regarded as constituents of all matter
fermion
any particle that obeys Fermi-Dirac statistics and is subject to the Pauli exclusion principle
ion
a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative); an atom or molecule or group that has lost or gained one or more electrons
magnetic monopole
a hypothetical particle with a single magnetic pole instead of the usual two
mat
a mass that is densely tangled or interwoven
micelle
an electrically charged particle built up from polymeric molecules or ions and occurring in certain colloidal electrolytic solutions like soaps and detergents
plasmid, plasmid DNA
a small cellular inclusion consisting of a ring of DNA that is not in a chromosome but is capable of autonomous replication
prion
(microbiology) an infectious protein particle similar to a virus but lacking nucleic acid; thought to be the agent responsible for scrapie and other degenerative diseases of the nervous system
virino
(microbiology) a hypothetical infectious particle thought to be the cause of scrapie and other degenerative diseases of the central nervous system; consists of nucleic acid in a protective coat of host cell proteins
mush, pulp
any soft or soggy mass
Russell's body, cancer body
an inclusion body found in plasma cells in cases of cancer
scintilla
a sparkling glittering particle
superstring
a hypothetical particle that is the elementary particle in a theory of space-time
thermion
an electrically charged particle (electron or ion) emitted by a substance at a high temperature
Type of:
natural object
an object occurring naturally; not made by man

n the main mass of a thing

Type of:
mass
the property of a body that causes it to have weight in a gravitational field

n the entire structure of an organism (an animal, plant, or human being)

“he felt as if his whole body were on fire”
Synonyms:
organic structure, physical structure
Types:
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life form
the characteristic bodily form of a mature organism
anatomy, bod, build, chassis, figure, flesh, form, frame, human body, material body, physical body, physique, shape, soma
alternative names for the body of a human being
live body
the body of a living animal or person
person
a human body (usually including the clothing)
system
the living body considered as made up of interdependent components forming a unified whole
juvenile body
the body of a young person
adult body
the body of an adult human being
male body
the body of a male human being
female body
the body of a female human being
Type of:
natural object
an object occurring naturally; not made by man

n the body excluding the head and neck and limbs

“they moved their arms and legs and bodies
Synonyms:
torso, trunk
Type of:
body part
any part of an organism such as an organ or extremity

n a natural object consisting of a dead animal or person

“they found the body in the lake”
Synonyms:
dead body
Types:
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carcase, carcass
the dead body of an animal especially one slaughtered and dressed for food
carrion
the dead and rotting body of an animal; unfit for human food
roadkill
the dead body of an animal that has been killed on a road by a vehicle
cadaver, clay, corpse, remains, stiff
the dead body of a human being
mummy
a body embalmed and dried and wrapped for burial (as in ancient Egypt)
cremains
the remains of a dead body after cremation
Type of:
natural object
an object occurring naturally; not made by man

n a resonating chamber in a musical instrument (as the body of a violin)

Synonyms:
soundbox
Type of:
cavity resonator, resonating chamber, resonator
a hollow chamber whose dimensions allow the resonant oscillation of electromagnetic or acoustic waves

n the external structure of a vehicle

“the body of the car was badly rusted”
Types:
bodywork
the exterior body of a motor vehicle
fuselage
the central body of an airplane that is designed to accommodate the crew and passengers (or cargo)
Type of:
construction, structure
a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts

v invest with or as with a body; give body to

Synonyms:
personify
Type of:
be, embody, personify
represent, as of a character on stage
2

n a collection of particulars considered as a system

“a body of law”
“a body of doctrine”
“a body of precedents”
Type of:
scheme, system
a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole

n the central message of a communication

“the body of the message was short”
Type of:
content, message, subject matter, substance
what a communication that is about something is about

n a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity

“the whole body filed out of the auditorium”
“the student body
“administrative body
Examples:
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Demerara
a former Dutch colony in South America; now a part of Guyana
Rock of Gibraltar
location of a colony of the United Kingdom on a limestone promontory at the southern tip of Spain; strategically important because it can control the entrance of ships into the Mediterranean; one of the Pillars of Hercules
Plymouth Colony
colony formed by the Pilgrims when they arrived at Plymouth Rock in 1620; it was absorbed into the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1691
New Amsterdam
a settlement established by the Dutch near the mouth of Hudson River and the southern end of Manhattan Island; annexed by the English in 1664 and renamed New York
Types:
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public
a body of people sharing some common interest
Christendom, Christianity
the collective body of Christians throughout the world and history (found predominantly in Europe and the Americas and Australia)
church
the body of people who attend or belong to a particular local church
College of Cardinals, Sacred College
(Roman Catholic Church) the body of cardinals who advise the Pope and elect new Popes
administration, brass, establishment, governance, governing body, organisation, organization
the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something
corps
a body of people associated together
constituency
the body of voters who elect a representative for their area
electoral college
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice president
school
a body of creative artists or writers or thinkers linked by a similar style or by similar teachers
college
the body of faculty and students of a college
university
the body of faculty and students at a university
faculty, staff
the body of teachers and administrators at a school
representation
a body of legislators that serve in behalf of some constituency
colony, settlement
a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties with their homeland; inhabitants remain nationals of their home state but are not literally under the home state's system of government
ulama, ulema
the body of Mullahs (Muslim scholars trained in Islam and Islamic law) who are the interpreters of Islam's sciences and doctrines and laws and the chief guarantors of continuity in the spiritual and intellectual history of the Islamic community
leaders, leadership
the body of people who lead a group
militia
the entire body of physically fit civilians eligible by law for military service
membership, rank
the body of members of an organization or group
occupational group, vocation
a body of people doing the same kind of work
opposition
a body of people united in opposing something
immigration
the body of immigrants arriving during a specified interval
inspectorate
a body of inspectors
jury
a body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law
panel
a group of people gathered for a special purpose as to plan or discuss an issue or judge a contest etc
panel, venire
(law) a group of people summoned for jury service (from whom a jury will be chosen)
enrollment, registration
the body of people (such as students) who register or enroll at the same time
vote
a body of voters who have the same interests
diaspora
the body of Jews (or Jewish communities) outside Palestine or modern Israel
Rome
the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church
Curia
(Roman Catholic Church) the central administration governing the Roman Catholic Church
profession
the body of people in a learned occupation
top brass
the most important persons in a governing body
executive
persons who administer the law
bench, judiciary
persons who administer justice
Ashcan School, Eight
a group of United States painters founded in 1907 and noted for their realistic depictions of sordid aspects of city life
deconstructivism
a school of architecture based on the philosophical theory of deconstruction
historical school
a school of 19th century German economists and legal philosophers who tried to explain modern economic systems in evolutionary or historical terms
pointillism
a school of painters who used a technique of painting with tiny dots of pure colors that would blend in the viewer's eye; developed by Georges Seurat and his followers late in 19th century France
gown
the members of a university as distinguished from the other residents of the town in which the university is located
varsity
a British abbreviation of `university'; usually refers to Oxford University or Cambridge University
county council
the elected governing body of a county
corps diplomatique, diplomatic corps, diplomatic service
the body of diplomatic personnel
government officials, officialdom
people elected or appointed to administer a government
frontier settlement, outpost
a settlement on the frontier of civilization
Plantation
a newly established colony (especially in the colonization of North America)
proprietary colony
a colony given to a proprietor to govern (in 17th century)
management
those in charge of running a business
press corps
a group of journalists representing different publications who all cover the same topics
INC, Iraqi National Congress
a heterogeneous collection of groups united in their opposition to Saddam Hussein's government of Iraq; formed in 1992 it is comprised of Sunni and Shiite Arabs and Kurds who hope to build a new government
high command, supreme headquarters
the highest leaders in an organization (e.g. the commander-in-chief and senior officers of the military)
grand jury
a jury to inquire into accusations of crime and to evaluate the grounds for indictments
hung jury
a jury that is unable to agree on a verdict (the result is a mistrial)
petit jury, petty jury
a jury of 12 to determine the facts and decide the issue in civil or criminal proceedings
blue ribbon jury, special jury
a jury whose members are selected for special knowledge for a case involving complicated issues
art nouveau
a French school of art and architecture popular in the 1890s; characterized by stylized natural forms and sinuous outlines of such objects as leaves and vines and flowers
lake poets
English poets at the beginning of the 19th century who lived in the Lake District and were inspired by it
secession, sezession
an Austrian school of art and architecture parallel to the French art nouveau in the 1890s
Type of:
social group
people sharing some social relation
3

n the property of holding together and retaining its shape

“wool has more body than rayon”
Synonyms:
consistence, consistency, eubstance
Types:
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gaseousness
having the consistency of a gas
viscosity, viscousness
resistance of a liquid to shear forces (and hence to flow)
thickness
resistance to flow
thinness
a consistency of low viscosity
hardness
the property of being rigid and resistant to pressure; not easily scratched; measured on Mohs scale
softness
the property of giving little resistance to pressure and being easily cut or molded
breakableness
the consistency of something that breaks under pressure
unbreakableness
a consistency of something that does not break under pressure
porosity, porousness
the property of being porous; being able to absorb fluids
solidity, solidness
the consistency of a solid
bubbliness, effervescence, frothiness
the property of giving off bubbles
foaminess
the property of being foamy
stickiness
the property of sticking to a surface
sliminess
a property resembling or being covered with slime
cohesiveness, glueyness, gluiness, gumminess, ropiness, tackiness, viscidity, viscidness
the property of being cohesive and sticky
gelatinousness, glutinosity, glutinousness
the property of having a viscosity like jelly
semifluidity
a property midway between a solid and a liquid
creaminess, soupiness
the property of having the thickness of heavy cream
fluidity, fluidness, liquidity, liquidness, runniness
the property of flowing easily
wateriness
the property of resembling the viscosity of water
firmness
the property of being unyielding to the touch
compressibility, sponginess, squeezability
the property of being able to occupy less space
incompressibility
the property of being incompressible
downiness, featheriness, fluffiness
a light softness
flabbiness, flaccidity, limpness
a flabby softness
mushiness, pulpiness
a mushy pulpy softness
brittleness, crispiness, crispness
firm but easily broken
crumbliness, friability
excessive breakableness
sponginess
the porosity of a sponge
permeability, permeableness
the property of something that can be pervaded by a liquid (as by osmosis or diffusion)
compactness
the consistency of a compact solid
impermeability, impermeableness
the property of something that cannot be pervaded by a liquid
Type of:
property
a basic or essential attribute shared by all members of a class
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