biology

Biology is the study of life and living organisms, from one-celled creatures to the most complex living organism of all — the human being. Biology includes the study of genes and cells that give living things their special characteristics.

You may know that the ology suffix means "the study of," and the addition of the Greek bios, meaning "life," gives us the meaning of biology. According to Nobel Laureate Walter Gilbert, "Biology will relate every human gene to the genes of other animals and bacteria, to this great chain of being." Sometimes science isn't as pretty as that sounds (as you know if you've cut open worms or frogs in biology class).

DEFINITIONS OF: biology

1

n the science that studies living organisms

Synonyms:
biological science
Types:
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biogeography
dealing with the geographical distribution of animals and plants
botany, phytology
the branch of biology that studies plants
cryobiology
the branch of biology that studies the effects of low temperatures on living tissues or organs or organisms
cytology
the branch of biology that studies the structure and function of cells
bionomics, ecology, environmental science
the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment
embryology
the branch of biology that studies the formation and early development of living organisms
astrobiology, exobiology, space biology
the branch of biology concerned with the effects of outer space on living organisms and the search for extraterrestrial life
forestry
the science of planting and caring for forests and the management of growing timber
genetic science, genetics
the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
microbiology
the branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on humans
molecular biology
the branch of biology that studies the structure and activity of macromolecules essential to life (and especially with their genetic role)
morphology
the branch of biology that deals with the structure of animals and plants
neurobiology
the branch of biology that deals with the anatomy and physiology and pathology of the nervous system
palaeobiology, paleobiology
a branch of paleontology that deals with the origin and growth and structure of fossil animals and plants as living organisms
physiology
the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
radiobiology
the branch of biology that studies the effects of radiation on living organisms
sociobiology
the branch of biology that conducts comparative studies of the social organization of animals (including human beings) with regard to its evolutionary history
zoological science, zoology
the branch of biology that studies animals
undercut
a notch cut in the trunk of tree in order to determine the direction of its fall
anatomy, general anatomy
the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals
mycology
the branch of botany that studies fungi and fungus-caused diseases
pomology
the branch of botany that studies and cultivates fruits
cryonics
the freezing of a seriously ill or recently deceased person to stop tissues from decomposing; the body is preserved until new medical cures are developed that might bring the person back to life
cytogenetics
the branch of biology that studies the cellular aspects of heredity (especially the chromosomes)
silviculture
the branch of forestry dealing with the development and care of forests
bugology, entomology
the branch of zoology that studies insects
ethology
the branch of zoology that studies the behavior of animals in their natural habitats
herpetology
the branch of zoology concerned with reptiles and amphibians
ichthyology
the branch of zoology that studies fishes
malacology
the branch of zoology that studies the structure and behavior of mollusks
mammalogy
the branch of zoology that studies mammals
oology
the branch of zoology that studies eggs (especially birds' eggs and their size, shape, coloration, and number)
ornithology
the branch of zoology that studies birds
protozoology
the branch of zoology that studies protozoans
palaeobotany, paleobotany
the study of fossil plants
algology, phycology
the branch of botany that studies algae
pteridology
the branch of botany that studies ferns
palaeozoology, paleozoology
the study of fossil animals
genomics
the branch of genetics that studies organisms in terms of their genomes (their full DNA sequences)
proteomics
the branch of genetics that studies the full set of proteins encoded by a genome
molecular genetics
the branch of genetics concerned with the structure and activity of genetic material at the molecular level
pharmacogenetics
the branch of genetics that studies the genetically determined variations in responses to drugs in humans or laboratory organisms
teratology
the branch of biology concerned with the development of malformations or serious deviations from the normal type of organism
neurophysiology
the branch of neuroscience that studies the physiology of the nervous system
neuroscience
the scientific study of the nervous system
hemodynamics
the branch of physiology that studies the circulation of the blood and the forces involved
kinesiology
the branch of physiology that studies the mechanics and anatomy in relation to human movement
myology
the branch of physiology that studies muscles
palaeoecology, paleoecology
the branch of ecology that studies ancient ecology
biotech, biotechnology
the branch of molecular biology that studies the use of microorganisms to perform specific industrial processes
Type of:
bioscience, life science
any of the branches of natural science dealing with the structure and behavior of living organisms

n characteristic life processes and phenomena of living organisms

“the biology of viruses”
Type of:
life
the organic phenomenon that distinguishes living organisms from nonliving ones

n all the plant and animal life of a particular region

Synonyms:
biota
Type of:
accumulation, aggregation, assemblage, collection
several things grouped together or considered as a whole
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