be

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: be

1
v
have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun)
2
v
form or compose
3
v
occupy a certain position or area; be somewhere
4
v
to remain unmolested, undisturbed, or uninterrupted -- used only in infinitive form
5
v
be priced at
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: be
1

v have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun)

“John is rich”
“This is not a good answer”
Types:
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look
have a certain outward or facial expression
hurt, suffer
feel pain or be in pain
be well
be healthy; feel good
suffer
feel unwell or uncomfortable
feel
be conscious of a physical, mental, or emotional state
remain, rest, stay
stay the same; remain in a certain state
continue
exist over a prolonged period of time
coruscate, scintillate, sparkle
be lively or brilliant or exhibit virtuosity
bedevil, befuddle, confound, confuse, discombobulate, fox, fuddle, throw
be confusing or perplexing to; cause to be unable to think clearly
rank
take or have a position relative to others
point
be positionable in a specified manner
need, require, want
have need of
compact, pack
have the property of being packable or of compacting easily
rest
not move; be in a resting position
cut
allow incision or separation
boil, seethe
be in an agitated emotional state
moon about, moon around, mope
be apathetic, gloomy, or dazed
appear, look, seem
give a certain impression or have a certain outward aspect
appear, seem
seem to be true, probable, or apparent
owe
be in debt
belong
be owned by; be in the possession of
cover
be sufficient to meet, defray, or offset the charge or cost of
represent
be representative or typical for
account
be the sole or primary factor in the existence, acquisition, supply, or disposal of something
cut across
be contrary to ordinary procedure or limitations
begin, start
have a beginning characterized in some specified way
begin
have a beginning, of a temporal event
stand
be in some specified state or condition
define, delimit, delimitate, delineate, specify
determine the essential quality of
go
be or continue to be in a certain condition
add up, make sense
be reasonable or logical or comprehensible
comprise, consist
be composed of
prove, turn out, turn up
be shown or be found to be
account for
be the reason or explanation for
remain
be left; of persons, questions, problems, results, evidence, etc.
adhere, stand by, stick, stick by
be loyal to
footle, hang around, lallygag, linger, loaf, loiter, lollygag, lounge, lurk, mess about, mill about, mill around, tarry
be about
add up, amount, come, number, total
add up in number or quantity
count, matter, weigh
have weight; have import, carry weight
rate
be worthy of or have a certain rating
deserve, merit
be worthy or deserving
buy
be worth or be capable of buying
shine
be clear and obvious
fall
be due
depend
be contingent upon (something that is elided)
underlie
be or form the base for
stink
be extremely bad in quality or in one's performance
suck
be inadequate or objectionable
delimit, subtend
be opposite to; of angles and sides, in geometry
body forth, embody, incarnate, substantiate
represent in bodily form
contain, hold, take
be capable of holding or containing
cost
be priced at
measure
have certain dimensions
buzz, hum, seethe
be noisy with activity
abound
be abundant or plentiful; exist in large quantities
disaccord, disagree, discord
be different from one another
gape, yaw, yawn
be wide open
be given, incline, lean, run, tend
have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined
go, run
have a particular form
enter, figure
be or play a part of or in
press
be urgent
rage
be violent; as of fires and storms
interrelate, relate
be in a relationship with
rut
be in a state of sexual excitement; of male mammals
stagnate
cease to flow; stand without moving
stagnate
stand still
come in handy
be useful for a certain purpose
squat
be close to the earth, or be disproportionately wide
hoodoo
bring bad luck; be a source of misfortune
impend
be imminent or about to happen
range, run
change or be different within limits
continue, remain, stay, stay on
continue in a place, position, or situation
sell
be sold at a certain price or in a certain way
translate
be translatable, or be translatable in a certain way
head, head up
be the first or leading member of (a group) and excel
come in for
be subject to or the object of
compare
be comparable
come, fall
come under, be classified or included
encounter, run into
be beset by
gravitate
be attracted to
pay
be worth it
diverge
have no limits as a mathematical series
shine
be distinguished or eminent
iridesce
be iridescent
lie
be and remain in a particular state or condition
stand
occupy a place or location, also metaphorically
hang
be menacing, burdensome, or oppressive
litter
strew
suit
be agreeable or acceptable
end, terminate
be the end of; be the last or concluding part of
fit
conform to some shape or size
lend
have certain characteristics of qualities for something; be open or vulnerable to
let go
be relaxed
belong
be rightly classified in a class or category
belong
be suitable or acceptable
curve, twist, wind
extend in curves and turns
jumble, mingle
be all mixed up or jumbled together
promise
give grounds for expectations
accept, take
be designed to hold or take
clean
be cleanable
draw
allow a draft
wash
be capable of being washed
balance
be in equilibrium
come, hail
be a native of
act
be suitable for theatrical performance
test
show a certain characteristic when tested
seem
appear to exist
answer
be liable or accountable
beat
be superior
hold
have as a major characteristic
count
have a certain value or carry a certain weight
contain
be divisible by
connect
be scheduled so as to provide continuing service, as in transportation
sell
be responsible for the sale of
sell
be approved of or gain acceptance
kill
be fatal
make
be suitable for
adorn, beautify, deck, decorate, embellish, grace
be beautiful to look at
consist
have its essential character; be comprised or contained in; be embodied in
work
behave in a certain way when handled
lubricate
have lubricating properties
breathe
allow the passage of air through
trim
be in equilibrium during a flight
swing
have a certain musical rhythm
osculate
be intermediate between two taxonomic groups
retard
be delayed
transplant
be transplantable
cohere
have internal elements or parts logically connected so that aesthetic consistency results
object
be averse to or express disapproval of
stick
be or become fixed
recognize
exhibit recognition for (an antigen or a substrate)
distribute
be mathematically distributive
put out
be sexually active
bake, broil
be very hot, due to hot weather or exposure to the sun
drown, swim
be covered with or submerged in a liquid
swim
be dizzy or giddy
belong
be a member, adherent, inhabitant, etc. (of a group, organization, or place)
squint
partly close one's eyes, as when hit by direct blinding light
have
suffer from; be ill with
choke, gag, strangle, suffocate
struggle for breath; have insufficient oxygen intake
freeze
be cold
swelter
be uncomfortably hot
ail
be ill or unwell
feel like a million, feel like a million dollars
be in excellent health and spirits
suffocate
feel uncomfortable for lack of fresh air
keep out
remain outside
sit tight
maintain the same position; wait it out
carry, extend
continue or extend
demoralize
confuse or put into disorder
amaze, baffle, beat, bewilder, dumbfound, flummox, get, gravel, mystify, nonplus, perplex, pose, puzzle, stick, stupefy, vex
be a mystery or bewildering to
work out
be calculated
come in, come out, place
take a place in a competition; often followed by an ordinal
come
have a certain priority
determine
fix in scope; fix the boundaries of
predicate
make the (grammatical) predicate in a proposition
famish, hunger, starve
be hungry; go without food
cry
demand immediate action
kneel
rest one's weight on one's knees
stand, stand up
be standing; be upright
bubble over, overflow, spill over
overflow with a certain feeling
ferment
be in an agitated or excited state
sizzle
seethe with deep anger or resentment
make
appear to begin an activity
cut
give the appearance or impression of
feel
produce a certain impression
pass off
be accepted as something or somebody in a false character or identity
sound
appear in a certain way
come across
be perceived in a certain way; make a certain impression
close
cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop
instantiate
represent by an instance
disorient, disorientate
cause to be lost or disoriented
beam, glow, radiate, shine
have a complexion with a strong bright color, such as red or pink
gleam, glint, glisten, glitter, shine
be shiny, as if wet
seem
appear to one's own mind or opinion
agree
be agreeable or suitable
mortgage
put up as security or collateral
stay together, stick together
be loyal to one another, especially in times of trouble
speak for
be a spokesperson for
tutor
act as a guardian to someone
redefine
give a new or different definition to
ensue, result
issue or terminate (in a specified way, state, etc.); end
abide, bide, stay
dwell
lurch, prowl
loiter about, with no apparent aim
hold over
continue a term of office past the normal period of time
outnumber
be larger in number
average, average out
amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain
press, weigh
to be oppressive or burdensome
have it coming
deserve (either good or bad)
die hard, endure, persist, prevail, run
continue to exist
fit, go
be the right size or shape; fit correctly or as desired
hang by a hair, hang by a thread
depend on a small thing or be at risk
jump, jump out, leap out, stand out, stick out
be highly noticeable
lift, rear, rise
rise up
loom
come into view indistinctly, often threateningly
stand
be tall; have a height of; copula
knock back, put back, set back
cost a certain amount
stand
be in effect; be or remain in force
weigh
have a certain weight
endure, last
persist for a specified period of time
stand
remain inactive or immobile
pullulate, swarm, teem
be teeming, be abuzz
take kindly to
be willing or inclined to accept
suffer
be given to
scale
measure by or as if by a scale
retail
be sold at the retail level
trade
be traded at a certain price or under certain conditions
go
be ranked or compare
feel
be felt or perceived in a certain way
gravitate
move toward
opalesce
exhibit a play of colors like that of an opal
keep, stay fresh
fail to spoil or rot
tie in
be in connection with something relevant
circumvolute
wind or turn in volutions, especially in an inward spiral, as of snail
spiral
form a spiral
snake
form a snake-like pattern
brood, bulk large, hover, loom
hang over, as of something threatening, dark, or menacing
make
add up to
ornament
be an ornament to

v have an existence, be extant

Is there a God?”
Synonyms:
exist
Types:
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come
be found or available
preexist
exist beforehand or prior to a certain point in time
kick about, kick around, knock about
be around; be alive or active
coexist
exist together
indwell
to exist as an inner activating spirit, force, or principle
hold, obtain, prevail
be valid, applicable, or true
consist, dwell, lie, lie in
originate (in)
endanger, imperil, jeopardise, jeopardize, menace, peril, threaten
pose a threat to; present a danger to
flow
be abundantly present
distribute
be distributed or spread, as in statistical analyses
dwell, inhabit
exist or be situated within
coexist
coexist peacefully, as of nations
co-occur, coincide, cooccur
go with, fall together

v have life, be alive

“Our great leader is no more”
Synonyms:
live
endure, go, hold out, hold up, last, live, live on, survive
continue to live through hardship or adversity
2

v form or compose

“This money is my only income”
“The stone wall was the backdrop for the performance”
Synonyms:
comprise, constitute, make up, represent
Types:
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make
constitute the essence of
compose
form the substance of
constitute, form, make
to compose or represent:"This wall forms the background of the stage setting"
range, straddle
range or extend over; occupy a certain area
fall into, fall under
be included in or classified as
pose, present
introduce
supplement
serve as a supplement to
chelate
form a chelate, in chemistry
spread-eagle
stretch over
add
constitute an addition

v work in a specific place, with a specific subject, or in a specific function

“He is a herpetologist”
“She is our resident philosopher”
Synonyms:
follow
Types:
vet
work as a veterinarian
cox
act as the coxswain, in a boat race

v be identical or equivalent to

Synonyms:
equal
Antonyms:
differ
be different
Types:
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correspond, equate
be equivalent or parallel, in mathematics
agree, check, correspond, fit, gibe, jibe, match, tally
be compatible, similar or consistent; coincide in their characteristics
correspond, represent, stand for
take the place of or be parallel or equivalent to
translate
be equivalent in effect
consist
be consistent in form, tenor, or character; be congruous
look
accord in appearance with
answer
match or correspond
coincide
be the same
align
be or come into adjustment with
correlate
to bear a reciprocal or mutual relation
parallel
be parallel to
duplicate, parallel, twin
duplicate or match
square
be compatible with
bear out, corroborate, support, underpin
support with evidence or authority or make more certain or confirm
resemble
appear like; be similar or bear a likeness to
conform to, fit, meet
satisfy a condition or restriction
homologize
be homologous
befit, beseem, suit
accord or comport with
accord, agree, concord, consort, fit in, harmonise, harmonize
go together
pattern
form a pattern
adhere
be compatible or in accordance with
rhyme, rime
be similar in sound, especially with respect to the last syllable

v be identical to; be someone or something

“The president of the company is John Smith”
“This is my house”

v represent, as of a character on stage

“Derek Jacobi was Hamlet”
Synonyms:
embody, personify
Types:
body, personify
invest with or as with a body; give body to
exemplify, represent
be characteristic of
Type of:
represent, stand for, symbolise, symbolize, typify
express indirectly by an image, form, or model; be a symbol
3

v occupy a certain position or area; be somewhere

“"Where is my umbrella?" "The toolshed is in the back”
“What is behind this behavior?”
Types:
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stretch, stretch along
occupy a large, elongated area
attend, go to
be present at (meetings, church services, university), etc.
fill, occupy
occupy the whole of
dwell, inhabit, live, populate
inhabit or live in; be an inhabitant of
inhabit
be present in
keep one's distance, keep one's eyes off, keep one's hands off, stand back, stay away
stay clear of, avoid
extend to, reach, touch
to extend as far as
extend, go, lead, pass, run
stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point
go, lead
lead, extend, or afford access
continue, cover, extend
span an interval of distance, space or time
extend, poke out, reach out
reach outward in space
lie
be located or situated somewhere; occupy a certain position
sit
be located or situated somewhere
sit, sit around
be around, often idly or without specific purpose
face
be opposite
straddle
sit or stand astride of
follow
be next
center on
have as a center
lie, rest
have a place in relation to something else
belong, go
be in the right place or situation
come
exist or occur in a certain point in a series
tenant
occupy as a tenant
neighbor, neighbour
live or be located as a neighbor
sit in
attend as a visitor
worship
attend religious services
lodge in, occupy, reside
live (in a certain place)
crowd
fill or occupy to the point of overflowing
take up
take up time or space
domicile, domiciliate, reside, shack
make one's home in a particular place or community
people
furnish with people
overpopulate
cause to have too great a population
cohabit, live together, shack up
share living quarters; usually said of people who are not married and live together as a couple
lodge
be a lodger; stay temporarily
bivouac, camp, camp out, encamp, tent
live in or as if in a tent
infest
live on or in a host, as of parasites
infest, invade, overrun
occupy in large numbers or live on a host
nest
inhabit a nest, usually after building
board, room
live and take one's meals at or in
cross, span, sweep, traverse
to cover or extend over an area or time period
come
extend or reach
radiate, ray
extend or spread outward from a center or focus or inward towards a center
sweep
cover the entire range of
overlap
extend over and cover a part of
overspread, spread
spread across or over
ridge
extend in ridges
constellate, dot, stud
scatter or intersperse like dots or studs
reach into
run into or up to
nestle
lie in a sheltered position
intervene
be placed or located between other things or extend between spaces and events
top
be at the top of or constitute the top or highest point
mediate
occupy an intermediate or middle position or form a connecting link or stage between two others
ride
lie moored or anchored
lap
lie partly over or alongside of something or of one another
focalise, focalize, localise, localize
concentrate on a particular place or spot
slant
lie obliquely
precede, predate
come before
underlie
lie underneath
cap, crest
lie at the top of
face, front, look
be oriented in a certain direction, often with respect to another reference point; be opposite to
back
be in back of
flank
be located at the sides of something or somebody
head
be in the front of or on top of
command, dominate, overlook, overtop
look down on
line, run along
be in line with; form a line along
orient, point
be oriented
look across, look out on, look out over, overlook
be oriented in a certain direction
go deep, go far
extend in importance or range

v happen, occur, take place

“this was during the visit to my parents' house”
“There were two hundred people at his funeral”
“There was a lot of noise in the kitchen”

v spend or use time

“I may be an hour”
Type of:
occupy, take, use up
require (time or space)
4

v to remain unmolested, undisturbed, or uninterrupted -- used only in infinitive form

“let her be
Type of:
remain, rest, stay
stay the same; remain in a certain state
5

v be priced at

Synonyms:
cost
Types:
knock back, put back, set back
cost a certain amount
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