bank

Unless you hide it under your mattress, you probably keep your money in a bank, or a business that stores and invests money.

There are several different meanings of the word bank. Besides the ones connected with money — like a savings bank or a piggy bank — a bank is also a slope of grass or earth, such as a river bank. Both of these are rooted in a Germanic word, bankiz, or "bank of earth." From this root came words meaning "shelf" and "table." The money-related bank came from the "table" meaning, banque in Middle French, as in "moneylender's exchange table."

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: bank

1
nv
a financial institution that accepts deposits and channels the money into lending activities
do business with a bank or keep an account at a bank
2
nv
the funds held by a gambling house or the dealer in some gambling games
act as the banker in a game or in gambling
3
nv
sloping land (especially the slope beside a body of water)
enclose with a bank
4
n
an arrangement of similar objects in a row or in tiers
5
vn
tip laterally
a flight maneuver; aircraft tips laterally about its longitudinal axis (especially in turning)
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: bank
1

n a financial institution that accepts deposits and channels the money into lending activities

“he cashed a check at the bank
“that bank holds the mortgage on my home”
Synonyms:
banking company, banking concern, depository financial institution
Types:
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credit union
a cooperative depository financial institution whose members can obtain loans from their combined savings
Federal Reserve Bank, reserve bank
one of 12 regional banks that monitor and act as depositories for banks in their region
agent bank
a bank that acts as an agent for a foreign bank
commercial bank, full service bank
a financial institution that accepts demand deposits and makes loans and provides other services for the public
state bank
a bank chartered by a state rather than by the federal government
agent bank, lead bank
a bank named by a lending syndicate of several banks to protect their interests
member bank
a bank that is a member of the Federal Reserve System
acquirer, merchant bank
a credit card processing bank; merchants receive credit for credit card receipts less a processing fee
acquirer
a corporation gaining financial control over another corporation or financial institution through a payment in cash or an exchange of stock
thrift institution
a depository financial institution intended to encourage personal savings and home buying
Home Loan Bank
one of 11 regional banks that monitor and make short-term credit advances to thrift institutions in their region
national bank
a commercial bank chartered by the federal government
savings and loan, savings and loan association
a thrift institution that is required by law to make a certain percentage of its loans as home mortgages
savings bank
a thrift institution in the northeastern United States; since deregulation in the 1980s they offer services competitive with many commercial banks
Type of:
financial institution, financial organisation, financial organization
an institution (public or private) that collects funds (from the public or other institutions) and invests them in financial assets

n a building in which the business of banking transacted

“the bank is on the corner of Nassau and Witherspoon”
Synonyms:
bank building
Type of:
deposit, depositary, depository, repository
a facility where things can be deposited for storage or safekeeping

n a supply or stock held in reserve for future use (especially in emergencies)

Types:
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blood bank
a place for storing whole blood or blood plasma
eye bank
a place for storing and preserving corneas that are obtained from human corpses immediately after death; used for corneal transplantation to patients with corneal defects
food bank
a place where food is contributed and made available to those in need
soil bank
land retired from crop cultivation and planted with soil-building crops; government subsidies are paid to farmers for their retired land
Type of:
backlog, reserve, stockpile
something kept back or saved for future use or a special purpose

n a container (usually with a slot in the top) for keeping money at home

“the coin bank was empty”
Synonyms:
coin bank, money box, savings bank
Types:
penny bank, piggy bank
a child's coin bank (often shaped like a pig)
Type of:
container
any object that can be used to hold things (especially a large metal boxlike object of standardized dimensions that can be loaded from one form of transport to another)

v do business with a bank or keep an account at a bank

“Where do you bank in this town?”
Type of:
transact
conduct business

v put into a bank account

Synonyms:
deposit
Antonyms:
draw, draw off, take out, withdraw
remove (a commodity) from (a supply source)
draw, take out
take liquid out of a container or well
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Types:
redeposit
deposit once again
Type of:
give
transfer possession of something concrete or abstract to somebody

v be in the banking business

Type of:
do work, work
be employed

v have confidence or faith in

bank on your good education”
Synonyms:
rely, swear, trust
Antonyms:
distrust, mistrust, suspect
regard as untrustworthy; regard with suspicion; have no faith or confidence in
Types:
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credit
have trust in; trust in the truth or veracity of
lean
rely on for support
bet, calculate, count, depend, look, reckon
have faith or confidence in
believe
credit with veracity
Type of:
believe
accept as true; take to be true
2

n the funds held by a gambling house or the dealer in some gambling games

“he tried to break the bank at Monte Carlo”
Type of:
cash in hand, finances, funds, monetary resource, pecuniary resource
assets in the form of money

v act as the banker in a game or in gambling

Type of:
act
discharge one's duties
3

n sloping land (especially the slope beside a body of water)

“they pulled the canoe up on the bank
“he sat on the bank of the river and watched the currents”
Types:
riverbank, riverside
the bank of a river
waterside
land bordering a body of water
Type of:
incline, side, slope
an elevated geological formation

n a slope in the turn of a road or track; the outside is higher than the inside in order to reduce the effects of centrifugal force

Synonyms:
camber, cant
Type of:
incline, side, slope
an elevated geological formation

n a long ridge or pile

“a huge bank of earth”
Types:
bluff
a high steep bank (usually formed by river erosion)
sandbank
a submerged bank of sand near a shore or in a river; can be exposed at low tide
shoal
a sandbank in a stretch of water that is visible at low tide
Type of:
ridge
a long narrow natural elevation or striation

v enclose with a bank

bank roads”
Type of:
close in, enclose, inclose, shut in
surround completely

v cover with ashes so to control the rate of burning

bank a fire”
Type of:
cover
provide with a covering or cause to be covered
4

n an arrangement of similar objects in a row or in tiers

“he operated a bank of switches”
Type of:
array
an orderly arrangement
5

v tip laterally

“the pilot had to bank the aircraft”
Type of:
tip
cause to tilt

n a flight maneuver; aircraft tips laterally about its longitudinal axis (especially in turning)

“the plane went into a steep bank
Types:
vertical bank
a bank so steep that the plane's lateral axis approaches the vertical
Type of:
airplane maneuver, flight maneuver
a maneuver executed by an aircraft
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