atom

An atom is the basic unit of an element. When you see the chemical formula for water, H2O, it's telling you that each molecule of water is made up of two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen.

In science class, you've probably come across atoms, the bits that make up molecules. Less scientifically, the word atom can also mean a very small piece of anything at all. The Greek root of atom is atomos, which means "indivisible," since the scientists who first gave the atom its name imagined it couldn't be split or divided into smaller pieces. Even though we know there are smaller things that make up an atom (protons, neutrons and electrons), it's still a good way to think about the word atom.

DEFINITIONS OF: atom

1

n (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element

Types:
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isotope
one of two or more atoms with the same atomic number but with different numbers of neutrons
monad
(chemistry) an atom having a valence of one
carbon atom
an atom of carbon
hydrogen atom
an atom of hydrogen
free radical, radical
an atom or group of atoms with at least one unpaired electron; in the body it is usually an oxygen molecule that has lost an electron and will stabilize itself by stealing an electron from a nearby molecule
radioisotope
a radioactive isotope of an element; produced either naturally or artificially
acid hydrogen, acidic hydrogen
a hydrogen atom in an acid that forms a positive ion when the acid dissociates
deuterium, heavy hydrogen
an isotope of hydrogen which has one neutron (as opposed to zero neutrons in hydrogen)
Type of:
substance
the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists

n (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything

Synonyms:
corpuscle, molecule, mote, particle, speck
Types:
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grain
a relatively small granular particle of a substance
grinding
material resulting from the process of grinding
chylomicron
a microscopic particle of triglycerides produced in the intestines during digestion; in the bloodstream they release their fatty acids into the blood
flyspeck
a tiny dark speck made by the excrement of a fly
identification particle
a tiny particle of material that can be added to a product to indicate the source of manufacture
granule
a tiny grain
Microtaggant
(trademark) a microscopic and traceable identification particle used to trace explosives or other hazardous materials or to prevent counterfeiting
Type of:
material, stuff
the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object
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