anomaly

An anomaly is an abnormality, a blip on the screen of life that doesn’t fit with the rest of the pattern. If you are a breeder of black dogs and one puppy comes out pink, that puppy is an anomaly.

The noun anomaly comes from the Greek word anomolia, meaning "uneven” or “irregular.” When something is unusual compared to similar things around it, it’s the anomaly. If you are an Olympian who comes from a family of bookish types who all find it strenuous to walk the dog, you are an anomaly.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: anomaly

1
n
deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
2
n
(astronomy) position of a planet as defined by its angular distance from its perihelion (as observed from the sun)
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: anomaly
1

n deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule

Synonyms:
anomalousness
Types:
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birth defect, congenital abnormality, congenital anomaly, congenital defect, congenital disorder
a defect that is present at birth
ablepharia
a congenital absence of eyelids (partial or complete)
albinism
the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
anencephalia, anencephaly
a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
ametria
congenital absence of the uterus
color blindness, color vision deficiency, colour blindness, colour vision deficiency
genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
epispadias
a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
clinocephalism, clinocephaly
a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed (concave instead of convex)
clinodactyly
a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
macroglossia
a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
Down syndrome, Down's syndrome, mongolianism, mongolism, trisomy 21
a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
acrocephaly, oxycephaly
a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape
cheiloschisis, cleft lip, harelip
a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
cleft palate
a congenital fissure of the hard palate
amelia
congenital absence of an arm or leg
meromelia
congenital absence of part of an arm or leg
encephalocele
protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
meningocele
a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)
myelomeningocele
a congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column; frequently accompanied by hydrocephalus and mental retardation
plagiocephaly
congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
polysomy
congenital defect of having one or more extra chromosomes in somatic cells
hermaphrodism, hermaphroditism
congenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics
pseudohermaphroditism
congenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex
scaphocephaly
congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation
congenital heart defect
a birth defect involving the heart
rachischisis, schistorrhachis, spina bifida
a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
spinocerebellar disorder
any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia
hyperdactyly, polydactyly
birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
syndactylism, syndactyly
birth defect in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
ankyloglossia, tongue tie
a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
Type of:
abnormalcy, abnormality
an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies

n a person who is unusual

Synonyms:
unusual person
Types:
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anachronism
a person who seems to be displaced in time; who belongs to another age
aberrant
one whose behavior departs substantially from the norm of a group
albino
a person with congenital albinism: white hair and milky skin; eyes are usually pink
automaton, zombi, zombie
someone who acts or responds in a mechanical or apathetic way
eccentric, eccentric person, flake, geek, oddball
a person with an unusual or odd personality
behemoth, colossus, giant, goliath, monster
someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful
Jekyll and Hyde
someone with two personalities - one good and one evil
kook, odd fellow, odd fish, odd man out, queer bird, queer duck
someone regarded as eccentric or crazy and standing out from a group
misfit
someone unable to adapt to their circumstances
rara avis, rare bird
a rare or unique person
transexual, transsexual
a person who has undergone a sex change operation
ugly duckling
an ugly or unpromising child who grows into a beautiful or worthy person
anthropoid, ape
person who resembles a nonhuman primate
crackpot, crank, fruitcake, nut, nut case, screwball
a whimsically eccentric person
dork, jerk
a dull stupid fatuous person
nutter, wacko, whacko
a person who is regarded as eccentric or mad
addle-head, addlehead, birdbrain, loon
a person with confused ideas; incapable of serious thought
Type of:
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul
a human being
2

n (astronomy) position of a planet as defined by its angular distance from its perihelion (as observed from the sun)

Type of:
place, position
the particular portion of space occupied by something
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