Agriculture describes the practice of growing crops or raising animals. Someone who works as a farmer is in the agriculture industry.

The Latin root of agriculture is agri, or "field," plus cultura, "cultivation." Cultivating a piece of land, or planting and growing food plants on it, is largely what agriculture means. Raising animals for meat or milk also falls under the category of agriculture. If we didn't have agriculture, we'd all be running around the woods, picking berries and trying to shoot things.

Definitions of agriculture

n the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock

farming, husbandry
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animal husbandry
breeding and caring for farm animals
arboriculture, tree farming
the cultivation of tree for the production of timber
dairy farming, dairying
the business of a dairy
gardening, horticulture
the cultivation of plants
aquiculture, hydroponics, tank farming
a technique of growing plants (without soil) in water containing dissolved nutrients
mixed farming
growing crops and feed and livestock all on the same farm
putting seeds or young plants in the ground to grow
farming for the raising of livestock (particularly cattle)
strip cropping
cultivation of crops in strips following the contours of the land to minimize erosion
subsistence farming
farming that provides for the basic needs of the farmer without surpluses for marketing
truck farming
growing vegetables for the market
drip culture
a hydroponic method of growing plants by allowing nutrient solutions to drip slowly onto an inert medium in which the plants are growing
the act of sowing (of seeds in the ground or, figuratively, of germs in the body or ideas in the mind, etc.)
landscape gardening, landscaping
working as a landscape gardener
market gardening
the growing of vegetables or flowers for market
floriculture, flower gardening
the cultivation of flowering plants
the activity of gathering livestock together so that they can be counted or branded or sold
Type of:
(agriculture) production of food by preparing the land to grow crops (especially on a large scale)

n a large-scale farming enterprise

agribusiness, factory farm
Type of:
business, business enterprise, commercial enterprise
the activity of providing goods and services involving financial and commercial and industrial aspects

n the class of people engaged in growing food

Type of:
class, social class, socio-economic class, stratum
people having the same social, economic, or educational status