agaric

DEFINITIONS OF: agaric

1

n a saprophytic fungus of the order Agaricales having an umbrellalike cap with gills on the underside

Types:
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mushroom
mushrooms and related fleshy fungi (including toadstools, puffballs, morels, coral fungi, etc.)
mushroom
common name for an edible agaric (contrasting with the inedible toadstool)
toadstool
common name for an inedible or poisonous agaric (contrasting with the edible mushroom)
Agaricus arvensis, horse mushroom
coarse edible mushroom with a hollow stem and a broad white cap
Agaricus campestris, field mushroom, meadow mushroom
common edible mushroom found naturally in moist open soil; the cultivated mushroom of commerce
Amanita caesarea, Caesar's agaric, royal agaric
widely distributed edible mushroom resembling the fly agaric
Amanita mappa, false deathcap
agaric often confused with the death cup
Amanita muscaria, fly agaric
poisonous (but rarely fatal) woodland fungus having a scarlet cap with white warts and white gills
Amanita phalloides, death angel, death cap, death cup, destroying angel
extremely poisonous usually white fungus with a prominent cup-shaped base; differs from edible Agaricus only in its white gills
Amanita rubescens, blusher, blushing mushroom
yellowish edible agaric that usually turns red when touched
Amanita verna, destroying angel
fungus similar to Amanita phalloides
Cantharellus cibarius, chantarelle, chanterelle
widely distributed edible mushroom rich yellow in color with a smooth cap and a pleasant apricot aroma
Cantharellus floccosus, floccose chanterelle
a mildly poisonous fungus with a fruiting body shaped like a hollow trumpet
Cantharellus clavatus, pig's ears
an edible agaric with a brown fruiting body that is often compound
Cantharellus cinnabarinus, cinnabar chanterelle
mushroom with a distinctive pink to vermillion fruiting body
Omphalotus illudens, jack-a-lantern, jack-o-lantern, jack-o-lantern fungus
a large poisonous agaric with orange caps and narrow clustered stalks; the gills are luminescent
Coprinus atramentarius, inky cap, inky-cap mushroom
having a cap that melts into an inky fluid after spores have matured
Coprinus comatus, shaggy cap, shaggymane, shaggymane mushroom
common edible mushroom having an elongated shaggy white cap and black spores
Lactarius delicioso, milkcap
edible mushroom
Marasmius oreades, fairy-ring mushroom
mushroom that grows in a fairy ring
Pleurotus ostreatus, oyster agaric, oyster fungus, oyster mushroom
edible agaric with a soft greyish cap growing in shelving masses on dead wood
Pleurotus phosphoreus, olive-tree agaric
red luminescent mushroom of Europe
Pholiota astragalina
a fungus with a smooth orange cap and yellow gills and pale yellow stalk
Pholiota aurea, golden pholiota
a beautiful yellow gilled fungus found from Alaska south along the coast
Pholiota destruens
a large fungus with whitish scales on the cap and remnants of the veil hanging from the cap; the stalk is thick and hard
Pholiota flammans
a fungus with a yellow cap covered with fine scales as is the stalk
Pholiota flavida
a fungus that grows in clusters on the ground; cap is brownish orange with a surface that is smooth and slightly sticky; whitish gills and a cylindrical brown stalk
Pholiota nameko, nameko, viscid mushroom
one of the most important fungi cultivated in Japan
Pholiota squarrosa-adiposa
a gilled fungus having yellow slimy caps with conspicuous tawny scales on the caps and stalks
Pholiota squarrosa, scaly pholiota
a gilled fungus with a cap and stalk that are conspicuously scaly with upright scales; gills develop a greenish tinge with age
Pholiota squarrosoides
a pale buff fungus with tawny scales
Stropharia ambigua
a gilled fungus with a long stalk and a yellow slimy cap from which fragments of the broken veil hang; gills are initially white but become dark brown as spores are released
Stropharia hornemannii
a gilled fungus with a large slimy purple or olive cap; gills become purple with age; the stalk is long and richly decorated with pieces of the white sheath that extends up to a ring
Stropharia rugoso-annulata
a large gilled fungus with a broad cap and a long stalk; the cap is dark brown; the white gills turn dark purplish brown with age; edible and choice
Entoloma lividum, Entoloma sinuatum
a deadly poisonous agaric; a large cap that is first white (livid or lead-colored) and then turns yellowish or tan
Entoloma aprile
an agaric with a dark brown conical cap; fruits in early spring
Chlorophyllum molybdites
a poisonous agaric with a fibrillose cap and brown scales on a white ground color; cap can reach a diameter of 30 cm; often forms `fairy rings'
lepiota
any fungus of the genus Lepiota
Lepiota procera, parasol mushroom
edible long-stalked mushroom with white flesh and gills and spores; found in open woodlands in autumn
Clitocybe nuda, blewits
edible agaric that is pale lilac when young; has a smooth moist cap
Tricholoma populinum, sandy mushroom
an edible agaric that fruits in great clusters (especially in sandy soil under cottonwood trees)
Tricholoma pessundatum
a mildly poisonous agaric with a viscid reddish brown cap and white gills and stalk
Tricholoma sejunctum
an agaric with a cap that is coated with dark fibrils in the center and has yellowish margins
Tricholoma flavovirens, man-on-a-horse
an edible agaric with yellow gills and a viscid yellow cap that has a brownish center
Tricholoma venenata
a poisonous white agaric
Tricholoma pardinum
a poisonous agaric having a pale cap with fine grey fibrils
Tricholoma vaccinum
an agaric with a cap that is densely covered with reddish fibrils and pale gills and stalk
Tricholoma aurantium
an orange tan agaric whose gills become brown by maturity; has a strong odor and taste
Pluteus aurantiorugosus
an agaric with a brilliant scarlet cap and a slender stalk
Pluteus magnus, sawdust mushroom
an edible agaric found in piles of hardwood sawdust; the caps are black and coarsely wrinkled
Pluteus cervinus, deer mushroom
a small edible agaric with a slender stalk; usually found on rotting hardwoods
Chinese mushroom, Volvariella volvacea, straw mushroom
small tropical and subtropical edible mushroom having a white cap and long stem; an expensive delicacy in China and other Asian countries where it is grown commercially
Volvariella bombycina
a mushroom with a dry yellowish to white fibrillose cap
Clitocybe clavipes
an agaric with a flat cap that is greyish or yellowish brown with pallid gills and a stalk that bulges toward the base
Clitocybe dealbata
a small poisonous agaric; has a dry white cap with crowded gills and a short stalk
Clitocybe inornata
a fungus with a cap that is creamy grey when young and turns brown with age and a whitish stalk that stains yellow when handled
Clitocybe robusta, Clytocybe alba
a large white agaric; edible but not palatable
Clitocybe irina, Lepista irina, Tricholoma irinum
an edible agaric with large silky white caps and thick stalks
Clitocybe subconnexa
an edible white agaric that fruits in dense clusters; the gills are narrow and crowded and the stalk is fleshy and unpolished
Flammulina velutipes, winter mushroom
an edible agaric that is available in early spring or late fall when few other mushrooms are; has a viscid smooth orange to brown cap and a velvety stalk that turns black in maturity and pallid gills; often occur in clusters
waxycap
any fungus of the family Hygrophoraceae having gills that are more or less waxy in appearance
Cortinarius armillatus
a fungus with large tawny caps and pale cinnamon gills and a red band of veil around the stalk; usually found near birch trees
Cortinarius atkinsonianus
an edible fungus with a slimy viscid cap that is initially yellow but turns olive and then tawny; flesh is lavender
Cortinarius corrugatus
a fungus with a viscid wrinkled tawny cap; the stalk has a basal bulb that diminishes as the stalk elongates; the gills are dark violet at first but soon turn brown
Cortinarius gentilis
a poisonous fungus with a bright yellow brown cap and a long cinnamon colored stalk
Cortinarius mutabilis, purple-staining Cortinarius
a fungus with a reddish purple cap having a smooth slimy surface; close violet gills; all parts stain dark purple when bruised
Cortinarius semisanguineus
a fungus with a dry brown cap and rusty red gills and a yellowish stalk
Cortinarius subfoetidus
a fungus with a sticky lavender cap and stalk that whitish above and covered with a silky lavender sheath
Cortinarius violaceus
a fungus that is violet overall with a squamulose cap
Gymnopilus spectabilis
a fungus with a brownish orange fruiting body and a ring near the top of the stalk; the taste is bitter and the flesh contains psilocybin and psilocin
Gymnopilus validipes
a poisonous fungus with a dry cap and a cortina that does not leave much of a ring on the robust stalk
Gymnopilus ventricosus
a giant fungus of the Pacific Northwest; has a very thick stalk and the cortina leaves a ring high up on the stalk
shoestring fungus
any of several fungi of the genus Armillaria that form brown stringy rhizomorphs and cause destructive rot of the roots of some trees such as apples or maples
Armillaria caligata, booted armillaria
fungus with a brown cap and white gills and a membranous ring halfway up the stalk
Armillaria ponderosa, white matsutake
a large white mushroom that develops brown stains as it ages; gills are white; odor is spicy and aromatic; collected commercially for oriental cooking the Pacific Northwest
Armillaria zelleri
a large fungus with viscid cap that dries and turns brown with age; gills are off-white
Armillariella mellea, honey fungus, honey mushroom
a honey-colored edible mushroom commonly associated with the roots of trees in late summer and fall; do not eat raw
Lepiota morgani, poisonous parasol
an agaric regarded as poisonous
Lepiota naucina
an agaric with greyish white fruiting body and gills that change from pink to dingy red
Lepiota rhacodes
an agaric with a large cap with brown scales and a thick stalk
American parasol, Lepiota americana
an agaric with a pallid cap and a stalk that is enlarged near the base
Lepiota rubrotincta
an agaric with a relatively small pink to red cap and white gills and stalk
Lepiota clypeolaria
an agaric with a ragged stalk and a soft floccose cap
Lepiota cepaestipes, onion stem
a white agaric that tends to cluster and has a club-shaped base
Hygrocybe acutoconica, conic waxycap
a fungus having an acutely conic cap and dry stalks
Hygrophorus borealis
a fungus with a white convex cap and arcuate white gills and a stalk that tapers toward the base
Hygrophorus caeruleus
a fungus with a broadly convex cap that is cream color with a tint of blue over the margin; waxy gills are bluish green to blue-grey; a short stalk tapers abruptly at the base
Hygrophorus inocybiformis
a fungus with a drab squamulose cap and grey-brown squamules over the white background of the stalk and waxy grey-white gills
Hygrophorus kauffmanii
a fungus with a slightly viscid cap; cap and gills are reddish brown and the stalk is grey
Hygrophorus marzuolus
a grey fungus frequently found near melting snow banks
Hygrophorus purpurascens
a fungus with a viscid purplish red cap and stalk; found under spruce and other conifers
Hygrophorus russula
an edible fungus with a reddish cap and close pale gills and dry stalk; found under hardwoods
Hygrophorus sordidus
an edible fungus with a large white cap and a dry stalk and white gills
Hygrophorus tennesseensis
a fungus having a brownish sticky cap with a white margin and white gills and an odor of raw potatoes
Hygrophorus turundus
a small fungus with orange cap and yellow gills found in sphagnum bogs
Hygrotrama foetens
a small grey-brown fungus with an unpleasant odor of mothballs
Neohygrophorus angelesianus
a fungus with a small brown convex cap with a depressed disc; waxy wine-colored gills and a brown stalk; fruits in or near melting snow banks in the western mountains of North America
Type of:
basidiomycete, basidiomycetous fungi
any of various fungi of the subdivision Basidiomycota

n fungus used in the preparation of punk for fuses

Synonyms:
Fomes igniarius
Type of:
fungus
an organism of the kingdom Fungi lacking chlorophyll and feeding on organic matter; ranging from unicellular or multicellular organisms to spore-bearing syncytia
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