affect

Affect is most often used as a verb meaning “to have an impact on,” as in “The tornado barreling towards us will affect our picnic plans.”

As a verb, affect can also mean “to feign an appearance,” as in, “Don’t let that surfer’s California accent fool you. Although she affects a convincing ‘Dude, that was rad,’ she is from Minnesota and just moved out West last month.” Don’t let that affect your friendship, though, she’s probably really fun.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: affect

1
v
have an effect upon
2
v
make believe with the intent to deceive
3
n
the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: affect
1

v have an effect upon

“Will the new rules affect me?”
Synonyms:
bear on, bear upon, impact, touch, touch on
Types:
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strike a blow
affect adversely
repercuss
cause repercussions; have an unwanted effect
tell on
produce an effect or strain on somebody
redound
have an effect for good or ill
excite, stimulate
act as a stimulant
process, treat
subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition
hydrolise, hydrolize
make a compound react with water and undergo hydrolysis
color, colour, distort, tinge
affect as in thought or feeling
endanger, expose, peril, queer, scupper
put in a dangerous, disadvantageous, or difficult position
hit, strike
affect or afflict suddenly, usually adversely
subject
cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to
bother, discommode, disoblige, incommode, inconvenience, put out, trouble
to cause inconvenience or discomfort to
act upon, influence, work
have and exert influence or effect
slam-dunk
make a forceful move against
propagate
cause to propagate, as by grafting or layering
bacterise, bacterize
subject to the action of bacteria
iodise, iodize
treat with iodine
nitrate
treat with nitric acid, so as to change an organic compound into a nitrate
tank
treat in a tank
aerate, oxygenate, oxygenise, oxygenize
impregnate, combine, or supply with oxygen
mercerise, mercerize
treat to strengthen and improve the luster
malt
treat with malt or malt extract
fluoridate, fluoridise, fluoridize
subject to fluoridation; treat with fluoride
creosote
treat with creosote
chlorinate
treat or combine with chlorine
carbonate
treat with carbon dioxide
camphorate
treat with camphor
bromate, brominate
treat with bromine
ammoniate
treat with ammonia
irradiate, ray
expose to radiation
scald
treat with boiling water
invigorate, quicken
give life or energy to
refine
treat or prepare so as to put in a usable condition
innervate
stimulate to action
irritate
excite to some characteristic action or condition, such as motion, contraction, or nervous impulse, by the application of a stimulus
nitrify, nitrogenise, nitrogenize
treat with nitrogen or a nitrogen compound
reverberate
treat, process, heat, melt, or refine in a reverberatory furnace
curry
treat by incorporating fat
seed
sprinkle with silver iodide particles to disperse and cause rain
dose
treat with an agent; add (an agent) to
sulfur, sulphur
treat with sulphur in order to preserve
vulcanise, vulcanize
subject to vulcanization
chrome
treat with a chromium compound
bituminise, bituminize
treat with bitumen
Agenise, Agenize
age or bleach flour with Agene (nitrogen trichloride)
run
cause to perform
carboxylate
treat (a chemical compound) with carboxyl or carboxylic acid
saccharify
convert into a simple soluble fermentable sugar by hydrolyzing a sugar derivative or complex carbohydrate
beneficiate
process (ores or other raw materials), as by reduction
prejudice, prepossess
influence (somebody's) opinion in advance
compromise
expose or make liable to danger, suspicion, or disrepute
digest
convert food into absorbable substances
vitriol
expose to the effects of vitriol or injure with vitriol
put
cause (someone) to undergo something
shipwreck
cause to experience shipwreck
refract
subject to refraction
expose
expose or make accessible to some action or influence
expose
expose to light, of photographic film
fume, fumigate
treat with fumes, expose to fumes, especially with the aim of disinfecting or eradicating pests
air-condition
control the humidity and temperature of
form, imprint
establish or impress firmly in the mind
militate
have force or influence; bring about an effect or change
manipulate, pull strings, pull wires
influence or control shrewdly or deviously
color, colour
modify or bias
swing, swing over
influence decisively
blackjack, blackmail, pressure
exert pressure on someone through threats
carry, persuade, sway
win approval or support for
get at
influence by corruption
fix
influence an event or its outcome by illegal means
distress, straiten
bring into difficulties or distress, especially financial hardship
dominate
be in control
incur
make oneself subject to; bring upon oneself; become liable to
Type of:
alter, change, modify
cause to change; make different; cause a transformation

v act physically on; have an effect upon

“the medicine affects my heart rate”
Types:
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attack
begin to injure
ulcerate
affect with an ulcer
calm, sedate, tranquilize, tranquillise, tranquillize
cause to be calm or quiet as by administering a sedative to
arouse, brace, energise, energize, perk up, stimulate
cause to be alert and energetic
strain, tense, tense up
cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious
loosen up, make relaxed, relax, unlax, unstrain, unwind
cause to feel relaxed
cramp
affect with or as if with a cramp
jaundice
affect with, or as if with, jaundice
register
enter into someone's consciousness
inebriate, intoxicate, soak
make drunk (with alcoholic drinks)
hypnotise, hypnotize, mesmerise, mesmerize
induce hypnosis in
cathect
inject with libidinal energy
animate, quicken, reanimate, recreate, renovate, repair, revive, revivify, vivify
give new life or energy to
unbend
release from mental strain, tension, or formality
extend, stretch
extend one's limbs or muscles, or the entire body
invigorate, reinvigorate
impart vigor, strength, or vitality to
animate, enliven, invigorate, liven, liven up
make lively
befuddle, fuddle
make stupid with alcohol
Type of:
alter, change, modify
cause to change; make different; cause a transformation

v connect closely and often incriminatingly

“This new ruling affects your business”
Synonyms:
involve, regard
Types:
implicate
bring into intimate and incriminating connection
Type of:
bear on, come to, concern, have-to doe with, pertain, refer, relate, touch, touch on
be relevant to

v have an emotional or cognitive impact upon

Synonyms:
impress, move, strike
actuate, incite, motivate, move, prompt, propel
give an incentive for action
come to, hit, strike
cause to experience suddenly
Types:
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infect
affect in a contagious way
surprise
cause to be surprised
impress, ingrain, instill
produce or try to produce a vivid impression of
awaken
make aware
engrave
impress or affect deeply
strike dumb
render speechless, as by surprising or shocking
zap
strike suddenly and with force
jar
affect in a disagreeable way
hit home, strike a chord, strike a note, strike home
refer to or be relevant or familiar to
smite
affect suddenly with deep feeling
cloud
make gloomy or depressed
pierce
move or affect (a person's emotions or bodily feelings) deeply or sharply
impress
impress positively
sweep away, sweep off
overwhelm emotionally
disturb, trouble, upset
move deeply
stir, touch
affect emotionally
move
arouse sympathy or compassion in
sadden
make unhappy
alienate
make withdrawn or isolated or emotionally dissociated
amaze, astonish, astound
affect with wonder
explode a bombshell
utter or do something surprising
catch
discover or come upon accidentally, suddenly, or unexpectedly; catch somebody doing something or in a certain state
boggle, bowl over, flabbergast
overcome with amazement
agitate, charge, charge up, commove, excite, rouse, turn on
cause to be agitated, excited, or roused
jolt
disturb (someone's) composure
cark, disorder, disquiet, distract, perturb, trouble, unhinge
disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed
prepossess
make a positive impression (on someone) beforehand
wow
impress greatly
get
evoke an emotional response
distress
cause mental pain to
ball over, blow out of the water, floor, shock, take aback
surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off
weigh down, weigh on
be oppressive or disheartening to
2

v make believe with the intent to deceive

Synonyms:
dissemble, feign, pretend, sham
make, make believe, pretend
represent fictitiously, as in a play, or pretend to be or act like
Types:
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play possum
to pretend to be dead
take a dive
pretend to be knocked out, as of a boxer
bull, bullshit, fake, talk through one's hat
speak insincerely or without regard for facts or truths
mouth
articulate silently; form words with the lips only
lip-sync, lip-synch
move the lips in synchronization (with recorded speech or song)
Type of:
belie, misrepresent
represent falsely
3

n the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion

Type of:
feeling
the experiencing of affective and emotional states
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