American Indian

DEFINITIONS OF: American Indian

1

n a member of the race of people living in America when Europeans arrived

Synonyms:
Indian, Red Indian
Examples:
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Makataimeshekiakiak
Sauk leader who in 1832 led Fox and Sauk warriors against the United States (1767-1838)
Cochise
Apache leader of the resistance to United States troops in Arizona (1812-1874)
Tashunca-Uitco
a chief of the Sioux who resisted the invasion of the Black Hills and joined Sitting Bull in the defeat of General Custer at Little Bighorn (1849-1877)
Geronimo
Apache chieftain who raided the white settlers in the Southwest as resistance to being confined to a reservation (1829-1909)
Hiawatha
a Native American chieftain who argued for peace with the European settlers (16th century)
Chief Joseph
leader of the Nez Perce in their retreat from United States troops (1840-1904)
Keokuk
Sauk leader who aided the United States against Black Hawk (1790-1848)
Massasoit
Wampanoag leader who aided the Pilgrims (1580-1661)
Rebecca Rolfe
a Powhatan woman (the daughter of Powhatan) who befriended the English at Jamestown and is said to have saved Captain John Smith's life (1595-1617)
Pontiac
famous chief of the Ottawa who led an unsuccessful rebellion against the British (1715-1769)
Wahunsonacock
Indian chief and founder of the Powhatan confederacy of tribes in eastern Virginia; father of Pocahontas (1550?-1618)
Rain-in-the-Face
a chief of the Sioux; he was with Sitting Bull and others at the Battle of Little Bighorn (1876) when General Custer's troops were massacred (1835-1905)
Sacagawea
the Shoshone guide and interpreter who guided the Lewis and Clark expedition part of the way
George Guess
Cherokee who created a notation for writing the Cherokee language (1770-1843)
Tecumseh
a famous chief of the Shawnee who tried to unite Indian tribes against the increasing white settlement (1768-1813)
Red Cloud
leader of the Oglala who resisted the development of a trail through Wyoming and Montana by the United States government (1822-1909)
Sitting Bull
a chief of the Sioux; took up arms against settlers in the northern Great Plains and against United States Army troops; he was present at the Battle of Little Bighorn (1876) when the Sioux massacred General Custer's troops (1831-1890)
Types:
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Algonquian, Algonquin
a member of any of the North American Indian groups speaking an Algonquian language and originally living in the subarctic regions of eastern Canada; many Algonquian tribes migrated south into the woodlands from the Mississippi River to the Atlantic coast
Anasazi
a Native American who lived in what is now southern Colorado and Utah and northern Arizona and New Mexico and who built cliff dwellings
Athabascan, Athabaskan, Athapascan, Athapaskan
a member of any of the North American Indian groups speaking an Athapaskan language and living in the subarctic regions of western Canada and central Alaska
Maya, Mayan
a member of an American Indian people of Yucatan and Belize and Guatemala who had a culture (which reached its peak between AD 300 and 900) characterized by outstanding architecture and pottery and astronomy
Nahuatl
a member of any of various Indian peoples of central Mexico
Olmec
a member of an early Mesoamerican civilization centered around Veracruz that flourished between 1300 and 400 BC
Zapotec, Zapotecan
a member of a large tribe of Mesoamericans living in southern Mexico whose civilization flourished around 300 to 900
Buffalo Indian, Plains Indian
a member of one of the tribes of American Indians who lived a nomadic life following the buffalo in the Great Plains of North America
Chickasaw
a member of the Muskhogean people formerly living in northern Mississippi
Coeur d'Alene
a member of an Amerindian people living in northern Idaho around Coeur d'Alene Lake
Creek
any member of the Creek Confederacy (especially the Muskogee) formerly living in Georgia and Alabama but now chiefly in Oklahoma
Haida
a member of a seafaring group of North American Indians who lived on the Pacific coast of British Columbia and southwestern Alaska
Hoka, Hokan
a member of a North American Indian people speaking one of the Hokan languages
Iroquois
any member of the warlike North American Indian peoples formerly living in New York State; the Iroquois League were allies of the British during the American Revolution
Muskhogean, Muskogean
a member of any of the peoples formerly living in southeastern United States and speaking Muskhogean languages
Penutian
a member of a North American Indian people speaking one of the Penutian languages
Pueblo
a member of any of about two dozen Native American peoples called `Pueblos' by the Spanish because they live in pueblos (villages built of adobe and rock)
Injun, Redskin, red man
(slang) offensive term for Native Americans
Salish
a member of a group of North American Indians speaking a Salishan language and living on the northwest coast of North America
Shoshone, Shoshoni
a member of the North American Indian people (related to the Aztecs) of the southwestern United States
Taracahitian
a member of a group of peoples of Mexico
Tlingit
a member of a seafaring group of North American Indians living in southern Alaska
Wakashan
a member of one of the peoples in British Columbia and Washington who speak the Wakashan language
Aleut, Aleutian
a member of the people inhabiting the Aleutian Islands and southwestern Alaska
Eskimo, Esquimau, Inuit
a member of a people inhabiting the Arctic (northern Canada or Greenland or Alaska or eastern Siberia); the Algonquians called them Eskimo (`eaters of raw flesh') but they call themselves the Inuit (`the people')
Paleo-American, Paleo-Amerind, Paleo-Indian
a member of the Paleo-American peoples who were the earliest human inhabitants of North America and South America during the late Pleistocene epoch
sannup
a married male American Indian
squaw
an American Indian woman
Abenaki, Abnaki
a member of the Algonquian people of Maine and southern Quebec
Achomawi
a member of the Achomawi community of northeastern California
Akwa'ala
a member of the Akwa'ala community in Baja California
Alabama
a member of the Muskhogean people formerly living in what is now the state of Alabama
Algonkian, Algonkin
a member of a North American Indian people in the Ottawa river valley of Ontario and Quebec
Atakapa, Attacapan
a member of an Indian people formerly living along the Gulf Coast of Louisiana and Texas
Aztec
a member of the Nahuatl people who established an empire in Mexico that was overthrown by Cortes in 1519
Toltec
a member of the Nahuatl speaking people of central and southern Mexico
Apache
any member of Athapaskan tribes that migrated to the southwestern desert (from Arizona to Texas and south into Mexico); fought a losing battle from 1861 to 1886 with the United States and were resettled in Oklahoma
Arapaho, Arapahoe
a member of a tribe of Plains Indians formerly inhabiting eastern Colorado and Wyoming (now living in Oklahoma and Wyoming)
Atsugewi
a member of a North American Indian people of northern California
Blackfoot
a member of a warlike group of Algonquians living in the northwestern plains
Caddo
a group of Plains Indians formerly living in what is now North and South Dakota and Nebraska and Kansas and Arkansas and Louisiana and Oklahoma and Texas
Cakchiquel
a member of the Mayan people living in south central Guatemala
Cayuga
a member of an Iroquoian people formerly living around Cayuga Lake in New York State
Cherokee
a member of an Iroquoian people formerly living in the Appalachian Mountains but now chiefly in Oklahoma
Cheyenne
a member of a North American Indian people living on the western plains (now living in Oklahoma and Montana)
Chimakum
a member of the Salishan people living in northwestern Washington
Chimariko
a member of an extinct North American Indian people formerly living in California
Chinook
a member of an important North American Indian people who controlled the mouth of the Columbia river; they were organized into settlements rather than tribes
Chipewyan
a member of the Athapaskan people living in western Canada between Great Slave Lake and Hudson Bay
Choctaw
a member of the Muskhogean people formerly living in Alabama
Cochimi
a member of a North American Indian people living in central Baja California
Cocopa, Cocopah
a member of a North American Indian people living around the mouth of the Colorado River
Comanche
a member of the Shoshonean people who formerly lived between Wyoming and the Mexican border but are now chiefly in Oklahoma
Conoy
a member of an Algonquian people formerly living in Maryland between Chesapeake Bay and the Potomac river; allies of the Nanticoke people
Costanoan
a member of a North American Indian people living in coastal California between Monterey and San Francisco Bay
Cree
a member of an Algonquian people living in central Canada
Delaware
a member of an Algonquian people formerly living in New Jersey and New York and parts of Delaware and Pennsylvania
Diegueno
a member of a North American Indian people of southern California
Erie
a member of an Iroquoian people formerly living on the south shore of Lake Erie in northern Ohio and northwest Pennsylvania and western New York
Esselen
a member of a North American Indian people living on the California coast near Monterey
Fox
a member of an Algonquian people formerly living west of Lake Michigan along the Fox River
Halchidhoma
a member of a North American Indian people of the Colorado river valley near the mouth of the Gila river; allied to the Maricopa
Havasupai
a member of a North American Indian people of Cataract Canyon in Arizona
Hitchiti
a member of the Muskhogean people formerly living in Georgia; a member of the Creek Confederacy
Hopi
a member of the Shoshonean people of northeastern Arizona
Hupa
a member of the Athapaskan people of the Trinity River valley in California
Illinois
a member of the Algonquian people formerly of Illinois and regions to the west
Calapooya, Calapuya, Kalapooia, Kalapuya
a member of the North American Indian people of Oregon
Kamia
a member of a North American Indian people of southeastern California and northwestern Mexico
Karok
a member of a North American Indian people of the Klamath river valley in northern California
Kekchi
a member of a Mayan people of north central Guatemala
Kickapoo
a member of the Algonquian people formerly inhabiting southern Wisconsin and northern Illinois
Kiliwa, Kiliwi
a member of a North American Indian people living in northern Baja California
Kiowa
a member of a Tanoan people living in the southwestern United States
Koasati
a member of the Muskhogean people formerly living in northern Alabama; a member of the Creek Confederacy
Kusan
a member of the North American Indian people of Oregon
Kwakiutl
a member of the Wakashan people living around Queen Charlotte Sound and on northern Vancouver Island
Maidu
a member of a North American Indian people living east of the Sacramento river in California
Malecite
a member of the Algonquian people of northeastern Maine and New Brunswick
Mam
a member of a Mayan people of southwestern Guatemala
Maricopa
a member of a North American Indian people of the Gila river valley in Arizona
Massachuset, Massachusetts
a member of the Algonquian people who formerly lived around Massachusetts Bay
Mattole
a member of the Athapaskan people living in northwestern California
Menominee, Menomini
a member of the federally recognized tribe of Algonquian people living on a reservation in central Wisconsin
Miami
a member of the extinct Algonquian people formerly living in northern Indiana and southern Michigan
Micmac, Mikmaq
a member of the Algonquian people inhabiting the Maritime Provinces of Canada
Miwok
a member of the North American Indian people living in the central Sierra Nevada in California
Mohave, Mojave
a member of the North American Indian people formerly living in the Colorado river valley in Arizona and Nevada and California
Mohawk
a member of the Iroquoian people formerly living along the Mohawk River in New York State
Mahican, Mohican
a member of the Algonquian people formerly living in the Hudson valley and eastward to the Housatonic
Muskogee
a member of the Muskhogean people formerly living in Georgia and eastern Alabama and constituting the core of the Creek Confederacy
Nanticoke
a member of the Algonquian people formerly of Maryland and eastern Delaware
Navaho, Navajo
a member of an Athapaskan people that migrated to Arizona and New Mexico and Utah
Nootka
a member of the Wakashan people living on Vancouver Island and in the Cape Flattery region of northwestern Washington
Chippewa, Ojibwa, Ojibway
a member of an Algonquian people who lived west of Lake Superior
Oneida
a member of the Iroquoian people formerly living east of Lake Ontario
Onondaga
a member of the Iroquoian people formerly living between Lake Champlain and the Saint Lawrence River
Ottawa
a member of the Algonquian people of southern Ontario
Paiute, Piute
a member of either of two Shoshonean peoples (northern Paiute and southern Paiute) related to the Aztecs and living in the southwestern United States
Pamlico
a member of the Algonquian people formerly of the Pamlico river valley in North Carolina
Passamaquody
a member of the Algonquian people related to the Malecite and living in northeastern Maine and New Brunswick
Patwin
a member of the North American Indian people living in the Sacramento valley in California
Penobscot
a member of the Algonquian people belonging to the Abnaki confederacy and living in the Penobscot valley in northern Maine
Pima
a member of the North American Indian people living in southern Arizona and northern Mexico
Pomo
a member of an Indian people of northern California living along the Russian River valley and adjacent Pacific coast
Potawatomi
a member of the Algonquian people originally of Michigan and Wisconsin
Powhatan
a member of the Algonquian people who formerly lived in eastern Virginia
Quiche
a member of the Mayan people of south central Guatemala
Sac, Sauk
a member of the Algonquian people formerly living in Wisconsin in the Fox River valley and on the shores of Green Bay
Seminole
a member of the Muskhogean people who moved into Florida in the 18th century
Seneca
a member of the Iroquoian people formerly living in New York State south of Lake Ontario
Sahaptin, Sahaptino, Shahaptian
a member of a North American Indian people who lived in Oregon along the Columbia river and its tributaries in Washington and northern Idaho
Shasta
a member of the Indian people of northern California and southern Oregon
Shawnee
a member of the Algonquian people formerly living along the Tennessee river
Siouan, Sioux
a member of a group of North American Indian peoples who spoke a Siouan language and who ranged from Lake Michigan to the Rocky Mountains
Skagit
a member of the Salish people in northwestern Washington
Takelma
a member of a North American Indian people of southwestern Oregon
Taos
a member of the Pueblo people living in northern New Mexico
Cahita
a member of the Taracahitian people of central Mexico
Tarahumara
a member of the Taracahitian people of north central Mexico
Tsimshian
a member of a Penutian people who lived on rivers and a sound in British Columbia
Tuscarora
a member of an Iroquois people who formerly lived in North Carolina and then moved to New York State and joined the Iroquois
Ute
a member of the Shoshonean people of Utah and Colorado and New Mexico
Wampanoag
a member of the Algonquian people of Rhode Island and Massachusetts who greeted the Pilgrims
Hualapai, Hualpai, Walapai
a member of a North American people formerly living in the Colorado river valley in Arizona
Wintun
a member of a North American Indian people living in the Sacramento valley in California
Yahi
a member of an extinct North American Indian people who lived in northern California
Yana
a member of an extinct North American Indian people who lived in northern California
Yavapai
a member of a North American Indian people of central Arizona
Yokuts
a member of the North American Indian people of the San Joaquin Valley
Yucatec, Yucateco
a member of the Mayan people of the Yucatan peninsula in Mexico
Yuma
a member of the North American Indian people of Arizona and adjacent Mexico and California
Zuni
a member of the Pueblo people living in western New Mexico
cliff dweller
a member of the Anasazi people living in the southwestern United States who built rock or adobe dwellings on ledges in the sides of caves
Type of:
Amerindian, Native American
any member of the peoples living in North or South America before the Europeans arrived

n any of the languages spoken by Amerindians

Synonyms:
American-Indian language, Amerind, Amerindian language, Indian
Types:
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Algonquian, Algonquian language, Algonquin
family of North American Indian languages spoken from Labrador to South Carolina and west to the Great Plains
Atakapa, Atakapan, Attacapa, Attacapan
a language spoken by the Atakapa of the Gulf Coast of Louisiana and Texas
Athabascan, Athabaskan, Athapascan, Athapaskan, Athapaskan language
a group of Amerindian languages (the name coined by an American anthropologist, Edward Sapir)
Muskhogean, Muskhogean language, Muskogean, Muskogean language
a family of North American Indian languages spoken in the southeastern United States
Na-Dene
a family of North American Indian languages
Mosan
a family of Amerindian languages spoken in Washington and British Columbia
Caddo, Caddoan, Caddoan language
a family of North American Indian languages spoken widely in the Midwest by the Caddo
Iroquoian, Iroquoian language, Iroquois
a family of North American Indian languages spoken by the Iroquois
Kechua, Kechuan, Quechua, Quechuan, Quechuan language
the language of the Quechua which was spoken by the Incas
Maracan language, Maraco
the language spoken by the Maraco
Tupi-Guarani, Tupi-Guarani language
a family of South American Indian languages
Arawak, Arawakan
a family of South American Indian languages spoken in northeastern South America
Carib, Caribbean language
the family of languages spoken by the Carib
Uto-Aztecan, Uto-Aztecan language
a family of American Indian languages
Maya, Mayan, Mayan language
a family of American Indian languages spoken by Maya
Siouan, Siouan language
a family of North American Indian languages spoken by the Sioux
Tanoan, Tanoan language
a family of North American Indian language spoken in southwestern United States
Hoka, Hokan
a family of Amerindian languages spoken in California
Penutian
a family of Amerindian language spoken in the great interior valley of California
Abnaki
the Algonquian language spoken by the Abnaki and Penobscot
Algonkian, Algonkin
the Algonquian language spoken by the Algonkian
Arapaho, Arapahoe
the Algonquian language spoken by the Arapaho
Biloxi
the Siouan language spoken by the Biloxi
Blackfoot
any of the Algonquian languages spoken by the Blackfoot
Catawba
the Siouan language spoken by the Catawba
Cheyenne
the Algonquian language spoken by the Cheyenne
Chiwere
the Siouan language spoken by the Iowa and Oto and Missouri
Cree
the Algonquian language spoken by the Cree
Crow
a Siouan language spoken by the Crow
Dakota
the Siouan language spoken by the Dakota
Delaware
the Algonquian language spoken by the Delaware
Dhegiha
a branch of the Siouan languages
Fox
the Algonquian language of the Fox
Gros Ventre, Hidatsa
a Siouan language spoken by the Hidatsa
Hunkpapa
a Siouan language spoken by the Hunkpapa
Illinois
the Algonquian language of the Illinois and Miami
Haida
the Na-Dene language of the Haida
Kickapoo
the Algonquian language of the Kickapoo
Malecite, Maleseet
the Algonquian language of the Malecite and Passamaquody
Massachuset, Massachusetts
the Algonquian language of the Massachuset
Menominee, Menomini
the Algonquian language spoken by the Menomini
Micmac
the Algonquian language of the Micmac
Mahican, Mohican
the Algonquian language spoken by the Mohican
Nanticoke
the Algonquian language spoken by the Nanticoke and Conoy
Ofo
a Siouan language spoken by the Ofo
Ogalala, Oglala
a Siouan language spoken by the Oglala
Chippewa, Ojibwa, Ojibway
the Algonquian language spoken by the Ojibwa
Pamlico
the Algonquian language of the Pamlico
Potawatomi
the Algonquian language spoken by the Potawatomi
Powhatan
the Algonquian language of the Powhatan
Shawnee
the Algonquian language spoken by the Shawnee
Alabama
the Muskhogean language of the Alabama
Chickasaw
the Muskhogean language of the Chickasaw
Chahta, Choctaw
the Muskhogean language of the Choctaw
Hitchiti
the Muskhogean language spoken by the Hitchiti
Koasati
the Muskhogean language spoken by the Koasati
Muskogee
the Muskhogean language spoken by the Muskogee
Santee
the Siouan language spoken by the Santee
Seminole
the Muskhogean language of the Seminole
Tlingit
the Na-Dene language spoken by the Tlingit
Tutelo
the Siouan language spoken by the Tutelo
Winnebago
the Siouan language spoken by the Winnebago
Chemakuan
a group of Mosan languages spoken in Washington
Salish, Salishan
a family of Mosan language spoken in northwestern United States and western Canada
Wakashan, Wakashan language
a family of North American Indian languages of British Columbia and Washington
Shoshonean, Shoshonean language, Shoshonian, Shoshonian language
a subfamily of Uto-Aztecan languages spoken mainly in the southwestern United States
Aricara, Arikara
the Caddoan language spoken by the Arikara
Pawnee
the Caddoan language spoken by the Pawnee
Wichita
the Caddoan language spoken by the Wichita
Cherokee
the Iroquoian language spoken by the Cherokee
Cayuga
the Iroquoian language spoken by the Cayuga
Mohawk
the Iroquoian language spoken by the Mohawk
Seneca
the Iroquoian language spoken by the Seneca
Oneida
the Iroquoian language spoken by the Oneida
Onondaga
the Iroquoian language spoken by the Onondaga
Tuscarora
the Iroquoian language spoken by the Tuscarora
Guarani
the language spoken by the Guarani of Paraguay and Bolivia
Tupi
the language spoken by the Tupi of Brazil and Paraguay
Pima
the Uto-Aztecan language spoken by the Pima
Aztecan
the Uto-Aztecan language spoken by the Aztec
Nahuatl
the Uto-Aztecan language spoken by the Nahuatl
Cahita
the Uto-Aztecan language of the Cahita
Tatahumara
the Uto-Aztecan language of the Tatahumara
Zapotec, Zapotecan
the language of the Zapotec
Apache
the language of the Apache
Navaho, Navajo
the Athapaskan language spoken by the Navaho
Hupa
the Athapaskan language spoken by the Hupa
Mattole
the Athapaskan language spoken by the Mattole
Chipewyan, Chippewaian, Chippewyan
the language spoken by the Chipewyan
Kiowa
the Tanoan language spoken by the Kiowa
Chimariko
the Hokan language spoken by the Chimariko
Esselen
the Hokan language spoken by the Esselen
Kulanapan
a group of languages of the Hokan family
Quoratean
a group of languages of the Hokan family
Shastan
a group of languages of the Hokan family in California
Yuman
a group of language of the Hokan family in Arizona and California and Mexico
Yanan
a language group of the Hokan family
Copehan
a group of Penutian languages spoken to the west of the Sacramento river
Costanoan
a Penutian language spoken by the Costanoan
Mariposan, Yokuts
a Penutian language spoken by the Yokuts in the San Joaquin Valley
Miwok, Moquelumnan
a Penutian language spoken by the Miwok
Maidu, Pujunan
a Penutian language spoken by the Maidu
Chinook, Chinookan
a Penutian language spoken by the Chinook
Kalapooian, Kalapuyan
a Penutian language spoken by the Kalapuya
Kusan
a Penutian language spoken by the Kusan
Sahaptin, Shahaptian
a Penutian language spoken by the Shahaptian
Takelma, Takilman
a Penutian language spoken by the Takelma
Tsimshian
a Penutian language spoken by the Tsimshian
Kekchi
a Mayan language spoken by the Kekchi
Mam
a Mayan language spoken by the Mam
Yucatec, Yucateco
a Mayan language spoken by the Yucatec
Quiche
the Mayan language spoken by the Quiche
Cakchiquel
the Mayan language spoken by the Cakchiquel
Type of:
natural language, tongue
a human written or spoken language used by a community; opposed to e.g. a computer language
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